Choctaw Genealogy

Choctaw Genealogy Resources

There are extensive governmental records relating to trade, military affairs, treaties, removal to Oklahoma, land claims, trust funds, allotments, military service and pensions, and other dealings with the Choctaw Indians, which reach back to the early days of the existence of the Republic.

A vast volume of records was created during the period of Indian Removal (1831-34), when the Choctaws and their government were uprooted from their homes in Mississippi and Alabama and taken to the area west of the Mississippi in what is now southeast Oklahoma.

In addition to extensive federal records, there are state land and probate records, marriage and death records and educational records in Mississippi and Oklahoma, and other records of consequence in county courthouses and state archives in Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma.

It should be noted that a significant number of Choctaw descendants remain in Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Alabama, as well as in Oklahoma, and that parties of Choctaws continued to remove to Oklahoma throughout much of the nineteenth century.

Additionally, many Choctaw claimants from throughout the U.S. applied to the Dawes Commission at the turn of the century for an allotment of land in Oklahoma.

United States government records relating to the Choctaw are located in the United States Archives in Washington D.C. and regional federal record centers in East Point, Georgia and Ft. Worth, Texas.

More information on government rolls and census records on the Choctaw, along with genealogy research tips specific to Choctaw Ancestry are found in this section. Check out the links at the bottom of this page for additional information on Choctaw genealogy research.

Off line Choctaw Resources

Archives

National Archives and Record Service
Washington, D.C. 20408
(to purchase microfilm, address Publications Service Branch (NEPS)

National Archives and Record Service (Southeast Region)
1557 St. Joseph Street.
East Point, GA 30344

National Archives and Record Service (Southwest Region)
501 Felix Street Box 6216
Fort Worth, TX 76115

State of Alabama
Dept. of Archives and History
624 Washington Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36130

Arkansas History Commission
300 West Markham
Little Rock, AR 72210

Louisiana Secretary of State
Archives Division
P.O. Box 44125
Baton Rouge, LA 70804

Mississippi Dept. of Archives and History
100 South State Street
P.O. Box 571
Jackson, MS 39205

Texas State Library
Archives Division
P.O. Box 12927
Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711

Books

Cotterill, R.S., The Southern Indians: The Story Of The Civilized Tribes Before Removal
Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1954.

Debo, Angie, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1934.

Foreman, Grant, Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians. Norman, OK: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1932.

Foreman, Grant, The Five Civilized Tribes. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1934.

Online Resources:

Choctaw Mailing List — A mailing list for anyone with a genealogical interest in the Choctaw Indian tribe in Oklahoma (McCurtain County and neighboring counties).

Choctaw Southeast Mailing List — A mailing list for anyone with a genealogical interest in the Choctaw Tribe of Native Americans. While the list will emphasize those who lived in the Southeastern United States, especially Mississippi, all Choctaw researchers are welcome.

Fiveciviltrib Mailing List — A mailing list for anyone who is researching the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek).



Article Index:

Choctaw Freedmen Surnames F – G

This is an index of the names of the Choctaw Freedmen, surnames F-G. This pertains to the former slaves of the Choctaw Nation in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)and does not include the names of the Mississippi Choctaws or those ofany … Continue reading

Choctaw Freedmen Surnames H – K

This is an index of the names of the Choctaw Freedmen, surnames F-G. This pertains to the former slaves of the Choctaw Nation in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)and does not include the names of the Mississippi Choctaws or those ofany … Continue reading

Choctaw Rolls and Correspondence by Indian Agents

There have been numerous rolls generated as the result of claims cases, and censuses that were taken when the Mississippi Choctaw reservation was created in 1918, and at subsequent intervals since then.

Choctaw script, late arrivals, and net proceeds case
Civil War Records, School Records, and other Choctaw Resources
Dawes Commission and Allotment
Dawes Rolls of Choctaw Freedmen – Surnames A to B
Dawes Rolls of Choctaw Freedmen Surnames C -D- E
The Armstrong Roll and other Indian Removal Records
The Armstrong Rolls